Surah Baqarah page 22
🔹 *Verse 142*
*"Change of Qiblah"*
Al-Qummi narrates in his at-Tafsir that Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) said about the words of Allah, The fools among the people will say...: “The qiblah was changed to the Ka'bah after the Prophet prayed towards Baytu 'l-Muqddas for thirteen years in Mecca; and (also) after his emigration to Medina he prayed towards Baytu 'l-Maqdis for seven months.” (He said:) “Then Allah turned him towards Mecca.
And it was because the Jews used to revile the Messenger of Allah (S), saying that he was their follower (as) he prayed to their qiblah. The Messenger of Allah (S) became very sad because of it; and he came out in the middle of the night looking to the horizons of the heaven, waiting for an order in this regard from Allah.
When it was day and the time of the noon prayer arrived, (the Prophet, S) was in the mosque of Banu Salim. And he had (already) prayed two rak'ahs of zuhr, when Jibril came down; and he held the Prophet's upper arms and turned him towards the Ka'bah.
And he brought down to him (the revelation): Indeed We see the turning of thy face to heaven, so We shall surely turn thee to a qiblah which thou shalt like; turn then thy face towards the Sacred Mosque.
Thus, the Prophet had prayed two rak'ahs towards Baytu 'l-Muqddas, and (prayed the remaining) two rak'ahs towards the Ka'bah. Then the Jews and the fools said: 'What has turned them from their qiblah which they had?' ”
📚 Majma'u 'l-Bayan