• Abbas

"Short biography of Imam Mehdi a.s the 12th Imam ajf "


Hazrat Imam Mahdi (aj) is the twelfth and last of the chain of the Purified Imams (as) and the perfect successors. He was conceived at the season of first light, on Friday the fifteenth of Shaban 255 A.H. in the city of Samarrah.

His regarded father is Imam Hasan al-Askari (as). His adored mother is Janab al-Nargis Khatoon (ra). She was the relative of the Caesar of Rome from her dad's side and from her mom's side she had dropped from shamoon the vicegerant of Hazrat Isa (as).

This magnified identity has a similar name and kunniyat (agnomen) as the Holy Prophet (S). His titles are Mahdi, Hujjat, Qaem, Montazer, Sahibuzzaman and Khalaf al-saleh. His most well known honourific anyway is Al-Mahdi (aj).

Ibn Khallikaan states; "His notable title is Hujjat. The shias know him by the titles, Montazar, Qaem and Mahdi"

The immense researcher Mohaddith al-Noori has gathered 182 titles of Imam Mahdi (aj) from the Islamic writings. Every one of these titles mean every one of his prudent qualities.

The dictator Abbasid rulers knew about the predictions of the Holy Prophet (S). That the child of Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) by the name of Mahdi will seem to expel a wide range of debasement and oppression; subsequently they intended to wipe out the tyke when he is bom. Because of this the introduction of Imam Mahdi (aj) was kept a mystery like that of Hazrat Ibrahim (as). To such an extent that with the exception of the most trusted of the shias and his own particular family, nobody knew about the presence of Hazrat (as). Notwithstanding this at whatever point there was an opportunity, Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) demonstrated his child to his reliable adherents; that in future they may tail him. This was all together that the shias may stay firm upon the correct way, and not be driven adrift. A hireling Abu Ghanim says:

"Abu Muhammad (as) has a child whose name is Muhammad." On the third day of his introduction to the world he brought him before his friends and stated:

"After me he is your Master of the undertaking, he is my successor, he is the same 'Qaem', who is anticipated by alt When the earth will be laden with foul play and persecution then he will return and fill the earth with equity and righteousness."

The early long stretches of his life were spent in the typical way. When he was in his fifth year, he lost his regarded father.

After this sad occasion the obligation of directing the shias was exchanged upon him. As of now, Hazrat (as) had every one of the characteristics and the heavenly information that was offered to the past Imams (as), by the Almighty. Similarly as Hazrat Yahya (as) in his youth and Hazrat Isa (as) in his early stages was favored with the perfect office of Prophethood by Allah.

Albeit every one of the Imams (as) were holding the awesome office of wilayat, the endeavors of the foes to dispense with the twelfth Imam (as) were most extreme. Henceforth Imam az-Zaman (as) was endowed to ghaibat and being far from seeing individuals, he needed to satisfy every one of the obligations of an Imam.

It is said that the covered existence of Hazrat Mahdi (aj) isn't something remarkable. Or maybe, in the life of such a significant number of Prophets (as) and even Imams (as) it is observed, that they were sooner or later, in camouflage from the general population. The Holy Quran records the camouflage of different prophets (as) like Hazrat Ibrahim (as)9, Hazrat Musa (as)10 and Hazrat Isa (as).

The Holy Prophet (S) and the Imams (as) had indicated out the general population the approaching occultation of their last evidence (Imam Mahdi-aj), with the goal that no uncertainty or misconception ought to remain, in regards to this issue.

The occultation (Ghaibat) of the twelfth Imam comprises of two stages: one is Ghaibat al-Sughra (The lesser occultation) and the second is Ghaibat al-Kubra (The more prominent occultation). Imam Ja'far as Sadiq (as) stated:

'There are two occultations for Qaem. One is short and the other delayed. In the short occultation just the exceptional shias will know about his whereabouts. Also, in the more drawn out occultation just his reliable workers will know where he is"

As indicated by the outstanding reports, the lesser occultation (ghaibat al-sugra) initiated from the time of his Imamat in 260 A.H and proceeded for a long time. A portion of the researchers like Shaykh Mufeed and Syed Mohsin Amin Amili keep up that ghaibat al-sugra started ideal from the season of his birth.


Since, even in those early years, Hazrat (aj) was disguised from the everyday citizens. As per this technique, the time of ghaibat al-sugra comes to seventy four years.

Amid the time of ghaibat al-sugra. Imam Mahdi (aj) himself delegated his agents from among the honest shias. Four of them succeeded each other and kept on satisfying the obligation of middle people. These four identities passed on the inquiries and issues to Imam (aj) and brought back the Imam's (aj) answers for the general population. The first of these appointees was Janab Abu Amroo Usman Bin Saeed Amri. Prior to this he was a delegate of Imam Hasan al Askari (as)14