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The reason that women receive half the share of men

Imam ar-Rida [a] said,

"The reason that women receive half the share of men from inheritance is that when a woman marries, she takes [a dower] and the man gives; for this reason, men have a larger share. Another reason is that a wife is the dependant of her husband and he must pay for her expenses, but a wife is not required to pay her husband’s expenses or financially support him in need. Hence, men have a larger share and this is the declaration of Allah. 'Men are the protectors and supervisors of women because of the advantage Allah has given some over others and because they support them from their means.' (4:34)"

وعلة إعطاء النساء نصف ما يعطى الرجال من الميراث لأن المرأة إذا تزوجت أخذت والرجل يعطي فلذلك وفر على الرجال. وعلى أخرى في إعطاء الذكر مثلي ما يعطى الانثى لان الانثى في عيال الذكر إن إحتاجت وعليه أن يعولها وعليه نفقتها وليس على المرأة أن تعول الرجل ولا يؤخذ بنفقته إن احتاج فوفر الله تعالى على الرجال لذلك وذلك قول الله عز وجل: (الرجال قوامون على النساء بما فضل الله بعضهم على بعض وبما انفقوا من أموالهم) (2).

(`Uyoon Akhbar ar-Rida, page 105)

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